Vascular Disease & Treatment

At Atlanta Vascular and Vein Specialists of GA, we genuinely care about our patients. We strive to provide our patients with helpful information regarding vascular problems.  To get a better idea about the causes and effects of these diseases, download our documents below.

What Is Vascular Surgery?

Vascular surgery is the specialty in which diseases of the circulatory system are diagnosed and managed. Treatment of Vascular disease should be recommended and performed by a Board Certified Vascular Surgeon specializing in the treatment of the diseases of arteries and veins.  Treatment can include a number of different methods depending on the severity of the disease including: 

  • Medical Therapy
  • Minimally-Invasive Catheter Procedures
  • Surgical Reconstruction

How Do I Know if I Need Vascular Surgery?

If you experience pain in your legs, redness after standing for long periods, or poor circulation, you may be suffering from a vascular condition. It is recommended that candidates for vascular surgery quit smoking before the procedure. When you arrive for your appointment, your physician will evaluate your condition and health history to determine if vascular surgery is a good option for you.

Effective Treatments

Facing vascular problems can be serious. This is why our compassionate doctors and staff members are committed to supporting and treating our patients in a comforting and caring environment.


In addition, many of our treatments are minimally invasive. Our surgeons also perform outpatient angioplasty and stenting for arterial circulation problems.  We perform in office procedures for the treatment of venous disease for example, radiofrequency ablation can help alleviate the swelling, discomfort, and appearance of varicose veins. This procedure only takes about 30 minutes and involves minimal discomfort, allowing patients to return to their everyday routine after a day.


At Atlanta Vascular and Vein Specialists of GA, we are medically experienced and qualified to treat every kind of vascular disease or complication with arteries, veins and blood flow in the human body. Our board-certified vascular surgeons can consult with you on any issue you may be at risk for due to age, a history of smoking, diabetes, and more. Learn more about:

We can also provide access to Hemodialysis for patients suffering from kidney failure.


Unhealthy veins and vascular disease can lead to a number of health problems. Some of the most common complications and health issues resulting from vascular diseases are Aortic Aneurysms, Carotid Artery Disease, and Peripheral Arterial Disease. Here is some helpful information regarding each of these vein related problems.

Aortic Aneurysms

Aortic Aneurysms are brought on when the walls of the aortic artery start to expand from dilation, bulging, or ballooning. This most commonly occurs in various parts of the body where the aorta passes through including the thoracic area (chest) abdomen and pelvis. When the aorta expands, or “balloons”, it can rupture and lead to a life-threatening hemorrhage.


What are the risk factors?

  • Emphysema
  • Chronic Hypertension
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Inherited Diseases (Marfan’s Syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome)
  • Smoking
  • Family History


How is it Diagnosed?

Typically, aortic aneurysms do not produce visible symptoms that would be noticeable to a patient or doctor. That is why it is important for those who are at an increased risk or exposed to the common risk factors noted above to be screened specifically for an aortic aneurysm. 


For patients who are not actively getting screened for aortic aneurysms, going through medical examinations, screenings, or other health procedures may lead to the discovery of aortic aneurysm risks by your physician. The most common instances of this are through standard medical examinations, abdominal surgery, or diagnostic tests such as ultrasound or CT scan.


What are the Treatment Options

Treatment depends on the size and severity of the aneurysm. If it is caught early on and not too big in size, a doctor may decide to regularly monitor the growth through ultrasound and CT scan. 


For larger aneurysms, a surgical procedure may be necessary to lower risks to the patients’ health. A common minimally-invasive surgical repair for this type of procedure is an Endovascular Stent Graft repair. 

Carotid Artery Disease

The carotid arteries are the two major arteries in the neck responsible for the flow of blood to the brain. The carotid arteries can become narrow or partially blocked as you get older due to atherosclerosis, which is a hardening of the arteries. As the buildup occurs, blood flow to the brain becomes obstructed which can lead to a stroke or mini-stroke.


What are the risk factors?

  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Cholesterol
  • Heart Disease
  • Family History
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking 
  • Obesity


How is it Diagnosed?

Carotid Artery Disease can be diagnosed using a variety of imaging techniques including

  • Magnetic Resonance Angiogram
  • Ultrasound
  • Duplex Scan
  • CT Scan


What are the Treatment Options

Milder cases of Carotid Artery Disease can be treated with medication and lifestyle adjustments that limit risk factors. These include quitting smoking and lowering cholesterol while monitoring the arteries for the disease’s progression.


For severe cases, a surgical procedure known as a carotid endarterectomy is performed or possibly an even less invasive procedure called carotid stenting can be done that can help open up the affected artery.

Peripheral Arterial Disease

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is caused when plaque builds up in the arteries causing partial or complete blockage of blood flow. Once this happens, patients may feel weakness or pain in the legs, poor or slow healing of wounds, or difficulty walking.


What are the risk factors?

  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • High Cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • Family history of peripheral artery disease, heart disease or stroke
  • Increasing age, especially after reaching 50 years of age


What are the Treatment Options

There are a variety of treatments for PAD depending on the severity of the disease. These include:

  • Medicine
  • Angioplasty
  • Stenting

These procedures are all performed without any major surgery or bypass procedures. In addition to these medical treatments, additional lifestyle changes may need to be made including lowering cholesterol, blood pressure, or quitting smoking for patients who smoke.


For major cases, it is possible that bypass surgery will be required.

Atlanta Vascular & Vein Specialists of GA

Hours of Operation

Mon - Fri: 8:30 am to 4:30 pm

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